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Glossary of Injuries, Common Medical Terms, Legal Terms

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Affidavit

An affidavit is a sworn and signed written declaration of fact or of fact and belief taken under oath before a person who is duly authorized to certify the statement. Such statement may be provided by a witness to an accident and/or by a party to an action to answer interrogatories.


Amputations

An amputation is the removal or an entire or part of a body extremity such as leg, arm, hand or foot, causing irreversible impairment. The type and amount of payment awarded for an amputation is based on damage indicators normally claimed in a motor vehicle accident.


Arthritic Exacerbation

Arthritic exacerbation is the flare up of rheumatoid or other types of arthritis. Latent arthritis symptoms can be brought to the surface or intensified from a motor vehicle accident. It may be possible to claim damages for a worsened condition that you were prone to or already developed prior to the accident if the worsened condition is documented by a physician and related to the accident.


Bone Scan

A bone scan is an enhanced, high-contrast nuclear scanning test used to determine the cause or location of bone pain or swelling as sometimes stress fractures are not detected on a traditional X-ray. A scan may reveal stress fractures by displaying areas highlighted by a temporary ingested dye. Special cameras pick up “hot spot” images from the dye since more blood flows to injured or swollen parts of your body.


Brain Damage / Head Injuries

Brain damage has three classifications: mild, moderate, or severe.


Mild brain injury may occur from a strike on the head with none or minimal loss of consciousness. There could be no lasting effects, or there could be lasting negative impact on your cognitive ability to function in society, including your ability to think, concentrate, learn, retain or recall information or regulate your emotions.


Moderate brain injury may occur if you sustain a strike to the head and experience a lengthy period of loss of consciousness. This injury can have a permanent negative impact on your cognitive ability to function in society, including your ability to think, concentrate, learn, retain or recall information or regulate your emotions.


Severe brain injury is more easily established in a law suit as the loss of consciousness incurred has a permanent negative impact on your cognitive ability to function in society, including your ability to think, concentrate, learn, retain or recall information or regulate your emotions.


Brain injuries must be substantiated by reports from medical specialists (e.g., neurosurgeons, neurologists, neuropsychologists, occupational therapists, vocational consultants) for a successful legal proceeding.

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