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 Glossary of Injuries, Common Medical Terms, Legal Terms

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Catastrohic Injuries

Catastrophic injuries are severe injuries with physical and psychological impairments, commonly those related to the back, neck and brain injuries, burns, organ damage, paraplegia or quadriplegia. Catastrophic injuries are not limited to injuries related to the spine, spinal cord, skull or brain.

Cervical Spine Injuries (Neck Injuries)

A cervical spine injury can damage soft tissue or fracture the cervical spine, including resulting in vertebra displacement and/or full or partial quadriplegia. The impact depends on the location and severity of the trauma.

Chronic Pain

Chronic pain is that which lasts longer than the expected period of healing, typically longer than 3-6 months and sometimes it is referred to as chronic pain syndrome, regionalized pain syndrome, fibromyalgia or fibrositis.

Clinical Records

Clinical records are documents generated by medical practitioners (such as doctors, physiotherapists, massage therapists or chiropractors) involved in patient care, including handwritten clinical notes, computerized/electronic records, emails, scanned records, text messages, correspondence between health professionals, laboratory results, x-ray films and other imaging records, photographs, videos and audio recordings, printouts from monitoring equipment and consent forms.

ICBC will try to obtain all the clinical records of treatment providers you saw before and after the accident in order to scrutinize your claim. ICBC will look for any inconsistencies and lack of reporting or information that may minimize your claim in the clinical records. As such, it is important to tell your medical practitioner all the relevant information accurately; omitting or exaggerating information may be flagged by ICBC and used to suggest you are lying about your injuries. A systematic approach each time you communicate with the medical practitioner would help to provide a consistent comprehensive record and maximize the medical practitioner’s opportunity to reflect your condition accurately in the notes. Relevance in your disclosure to the medical practitioner is important because any information disclosed to your treatment providers could appear in their clinical notes. For example, you can expect your doctor to record all the stressors you report at an appointment and not just those related to the accident.

CT Scans or CAT Scans

A computerized tomography scan (CT Scan) or a computerized axial tomography scan (CAT Scan) combines a series of computerized X-ray pictures taken from different angles with computer processing to create cross-sectional images of the bones and soft tissues. The X-ray pictures are done in “slices” to show fine details. CT scans help doctors to diagnose diseases or injuries that cannot be seen from ordinary X-rays.

Dental Injuries

Dental injuries include the loss, fracture, chip or displacement of a tooth or fracture of the enamel and dentin of a tooth, including required extractions, TMJ (jaw) problems and any condition that requires treatment by a dentist, orthodontist or orthodontic surgeon as a result of an accident.


Depositions are oral, in-person, out of court statements of a witness under oath, taken in question-and-answer form as it would be in court, with opportunity given to the adversary to be present and cross-examined. Usually a court reporter records the information provided and produces a written transcript. It is also common to videotape a deposition.

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